Скотишин Таңһч

Wikipedia талас
Скотишин Таңһч
Scotland  (English / Scots)
Alba  (Scottish Gaelic)
УранIn My Defens God Me Defend (Scots)
(often shown abbreviated as IN DEFENS)
ЧастрNone (de jure)
Flower of Scotland (de facto)
 Скотишин Таңһчин һазр орм  (inset — orange)
in the United Kingdom (camel)

in the European continent  (white)

Хотол БалһсанEdinburgh
55°57′N 3°12′W / 55.950°N 3.200°W / 55.950; -3.200
Аһу Ик Балһсан Glasgow
Келн English, Scottish Gaelic
Орн нутугин келн улус Scottish Gaelic, Scots
Орн нутугин улус  89% Scottish, 7% English, Irish, Welsh, 4% other[1]
Улусин нерн Scots, Scottish2
Залвр Devolved Government within a Constitutional monarchy3
 -  Monarch Elizabeth II
 -  First Minister (Head of Scottish Government) Alex Salmond MSP
 -  Prime Minister of the United Kingdom David Cameron MP
Legislature Scottish Parliament
Establishment Early Middle Ages; exact date of establishment unclear or disputed; traditional 843, by King Kenneth MacAlpin [2] 
 -  Бүклдән 78,772 km2 
30,414 sq mi 
 -  Усна аһу (%) 1.9
Олн улус
 -  mid-2009 estimate 5,194,000[3] 
 -  2001 census 5,062,011 
 -  Олн улусин нигитнь 65.9/km2 
170,8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate
 -  Total US$194 billionКевләр:Citation needed 
 -  Per capita US$39,680Кевләр:Citation needed 
Currency Pound sterling (GBP)
Цагин бус GMT (UTC0)
 -  Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
ТЛД .uk4
Calling code 44
Patron saint St Andrew[4]
St Margaret
St Columba
1 Both Scots and Scottish Gaelic are officially recognised as autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages;[5] the Bòrd na Gàidhlig is tasked, under the Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act 2005, with securing Gaelic as an official language of Scotland, commanding "equal respect" with English.[6]
2 Historically, the use of "Scotch" as an adjective comparable to "Scottish" was commonplace, particularly outwith Scotland. However, the modern use of the term describes only products of Scotland, usually food or drink related.
3 Scotland's head of state is the monarch of the United Kingdom, currently Queen Elizabeth II (since 1952). Scotland has limited self-government within the United Kingdom as well as representation in the UK Parliament. It is also a UK electoral region for the European Parliament. Executive and legislative powers have been devolved to, respectively, the Scottish Government and the Scottish Parliament at Holyrood in Edinburgh.
4 Also .eu, as part of the European Union. ISO 3166-1 is GB, but .gb is unused.

Заалтс[ясх | иш ясх]

  1. Registrar-General's Mid-2005 Population Estimates for Scotland
  2. The Oxford Companion to Scottish History, ISBN: 978-0192116963
  3. [1]
  4. St Andrew—Quick Facts
  5. "European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages" Scottish Government. Retrieved 27 September 2007.
  6. Macleod, Angus "Gaelic given official status" (22 April 2005) The Times. London. Retrieved 2 August 2007.