Түргүдин Орн

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Түргүдин Орн
Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
УранYurtta Barış, Dünyada Barış
Peace at Home, Peace in the World
Частрİstiklâl Marşı
The Anthem of Independence
Location of Turkey
Хотл Балһсн Анкара
39° 55′ N, 32° 50′ E / 39.917, 32.833
Аһу Ик Балһсн Стамбул
Келн Түргдин келн
Улсин нерн Turkish
Залвр Parliamentary republic
 -  Founder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
 -  President Abdullah Gül
 -  Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
 -  Speaker of the Parliament Mehmet Ali Şahin
 -  President of the Constitutional Court Haşim Kılıç
Succession to the Ottoman Empire² 
 -  Treaty of Lausanne July 24, 1923 
 -  Declaration of Republic October 29, 1923 
Аһу
 -  Бүклдән 783 562 km2 (37th)
302 535 sq mi 
 -  Усна аһу (%) 1.3
Олн улс
 -  2009 census 72,561,312[1] (18th³)
 -  Олн улсин нигтнь 92.6/km2 (108th³)
239,8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $880.061 billion[2] 
 -  Per capita $12,476[2] 
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate
 -  Total $615.329 billion[2] 
 -  Per capita $8,723[2] 
Gini (2005) 38 
HDI (2007) 0.806[3] (high) (79th)
Currency Turkish lira5 (TRY)
Цагин бус EET (UTC+2)
 -  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right
ТЛД .tr
Calling code 90
2 Treaty of Lausanne (1923).
3 Population and population density rankings based on 2005 figures.
4 Human Development Report 2007/2008, page 230. United Nations Development Programme (2007). Retrieved on 2007-11-30.
5 The Turkish lira (Türk Lirası, TL) replaced the Turkish new lira on January 1, 2009.

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